english.visitkorea.or.kr: The Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon is a fortress city built in the late Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910).
Along with Changdeokgung Palace, the fortress was designated as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in December 1997. The total perimeter of the fortress spans 5.52 kilometers, with 50 or so structures along the walls. Among those, seven were destroyed as a result of wars or natural disasters, but the remaining ones are well preserved. Some of the major structures are the south gate Paldalmun (Treasure no. 402), the west gate Hwaseomun (Treasure no. 403), the north gate Janganmun, and the east gate Changnyongmun. Between these gates are gongsimdon, sentry towers built to keep an eye on enemy’s activities outside the walls.
Suwon Stream flows through the interior of Hwaseong Fortress. The Hwahongmun Gate is built above seven arched aqueducts that allow the water to flow through. Together with nearby Banghwasuryujeong Pavilion and Yongyeon Pond, Hwahongmun Gate is considered the most beautiful of the Hwaseong Fortress structures.
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